Harbor 容器化部署和使用

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1、安装 docker-compose

sudo curl -L "https://github.com/docker/compose/releases/download/v2.2.2/docker-compose-$(uname -s)-$(uname -m)" -o /usr/local/bin/docker-compose
sudo chmod +x /usr/local/bin/docker-compose
sudo ln -s /usr/local/bin/docker-compose /usr/bin/docker-compose
docker-compose version

安装其他版本的 docker-compose 替换版本号 v2.2.2 即可

2、安装 harbor

# 下载
wget  https://github.com/goharbor/harbor/releases/download/v2.4.2/harbor-online-installer-v2.4.2.tgz
# 解压到指定目录
tar -zxvf harbor-online-installer-v2.4.2.tgz -C /opt/
# 修改配置
cd /opt/harbor/
cp harbor.yml.tmpl harbor.yml
vim harbor.yml

修改配置文件 harbor.yml文章源自十年又十年-https://www.bbigsun.com/487.html

# Configuration file of Harbor

# The IP address or hostname to access admin UI and registry service.
# DO NOT use localhost or 127.0.0.1, because Harbor needs to be accessed by external clients.
hostname: 10.16.1.70

# http related config
http:
  # port for http, default is 80. If https enabled, this port will redirect to https port
  port: 8081

# https related config
#https:
  # https port for harbor, default is 443
  #port: 443
  # The path of cert and key files for nginx
  #certificate: /your/certificate/path
  #private_key: /your/private/key/path

# # Uncomment following will enable tls communication between all harbor components
# internal_tls:
#   # set enabled to true means internal tls is enabled
#   enabled: true
#   # put your cert and key files on dir
#   dir: /etc/harbor/tls/internal

# Uncomment external_url if you want to enable external proxy
# And when it enabled the hostname will no longer used
# external_url: https://reg.mydomain.com:8433

# The initial password of Harbor admin
# It only works in first time to install harbor
# Remember Change the admin password from UI after launching Harbor.
harbor_admin_password: Harbor12345

# Harbor DB configuration
database:
  # The password for the root user of Harbor DB. Change this before any production use.
  password: root123
  # The maximum number of connections in the idle connection pool. If it <=0, no idle connections are retained.
  max_idle_conns: 100
  # The maximum number of open connections to the database. If it <= 0, then there is no limit on the number of open connections.
  # Note: the default number of connections is 1024 for postgres of harbor.
  max_open_conns: 900

# The default data volume
data_volume: /opt/harbor/data

# Harbor Storage settings by default is using /data dir on local filesystem
# Uncomment storage_service setting If you want to using external storage
# storage_service:
#   # ca_bundle is the path to the custom root ca certificate, which will be injected into the truststore
#   # of registry's and chart repository's containers.  This is usually needed when the user hosts a internal storage with self signed certificate.
#   ca_bundle:

#   # storage backend, default is filesystem, options include filesystem, azure, gcs, s3, swift and oss
#   # for more info about this configuration please refer https://docs.docker.com/registry/configuration/
#   filesystem:
#     maxthreads: 100
#   # set disable to true when you want to disable registry redirect
#   redirect:
#     disabled: false

# Trivy configuration
#
# Trivy DB contains vulnerability information from NVD, Red Hat, and many other upstream vulnerability databases.
# It is downloaded by Trivy from the GitHub release page https://github.com/aquasecurity/trivy-db/releases and cached
# in the local file system. In addition, the database contains the update timestamp so Trivy can detect whether it
# should download a newer version from the Internet or use the cached one. Currently, the database is updated every
# 12 hours and published as a new release to GitHub.
trivy:
  # ignoreUnfixed The flag to display only fixed vulnerabilities
  ignore_unfixed: false
  # skipUpdate The flag to enable or disable Trivy DB downloads from GitHub
  #
  # You might want to enable this flag in test or CI/CD environments to avoid GitHub rate limiting issues.
  # If the flag is enabled you have to download the trivy-offline.tar.gz archive manually, extract trivy.db and
  # metadata.json files and mount them in the /home/scanner/.cache/trivy/db path.
  skip_update: false
  #
  # The offline_scan option prevents Trivy from sending API requests to identify dependencies.
  # Scanning JAR files and pom.xml may require Internet access for better detection, but this option tries to avoid it.
  # For example, the offline mode will not try to resolve transitive dependencies in pom.xml when the dependency doesn't
  # exist in the local repositories. It means a number of detected vulnerabilities might be fewer in offline mode.
  # It would work if all the dependencies are in local.
  # This option doesn’t affect DB download. You need to specify "skip-update" as well as "offline-scan" in an air-gapped environment.
  offline_scan: false
  #
  # insecure The flag to skip verifying registry certificate
  insecure: false
  # github_token The GitHub access token to download Trivy DB
  #
  # Anonymous downloads from GitHub are subject to the limit of 60 requests per hour. Normally such rate limit is enough
  # for production operations. If, for any reason, it's not enough, you could increase the rate limit to 5000
  # requests per hour by specifying the GitHub access token. For more details on GitHub rate limiting please consult
  # https://developer.github.com/v3/#rate-limiting
  #
  # You can create a GitHub token by following the instructions in
  # https://help.github.com/en/github/authenticating-to-github/creating-a-personal-access-token-for-the-command-line
  #
  # github_token: xxx

jobservice:
  # Maximum number of job workers in job service
  max_job_workers: 10

notification:
  # Maximum retry count for webhook job
  webhook_job_max_retry: 10

chart:
  # Change the value of absolute_url to enabled can enable absolute url in chart
  absolute_url: disabled

# Log configurations
log:
  # options are debug, info, warning, error, fatal
  level: info
  # configs for logs in local storage
  local:
    # Log files are rotated log_rotate_count times before being removed. If count is 0, old versions are removed rather than rotated.
    rotate_count: 50
    # Log files are rotated only if they grow bigger than log_rotate_size bytes. If size is followed by k, the size is assumed to be in kilobytes.
    # If the M is used, the size is in megabytes, and if G is used, the size is in gigabytes. So size 100, size 100k, size 100M and size 100G
    # are all valid.
    rotate_size: 200M
    # The directory on your host that store log
    location: /opt/harbor/log

  # Uncomment following lines to enable external syslog endpoint.
  # external_endpoint:
  #   # protocol used to transmit log to external endpoint, options is tcp or udp
  #   protocol: tcp
  #   # The host of external endpoint
  #   host: localhost
  #   # Port of external endpoint
  #   port: 5140

#This attribute is for migrator to detect the version of the .cfg file, DO NOT MODIFY!
_version: 2.4.0

# Uncomment external_database if using external database.
# external_database:
#   harbor:
#     host: harbor_db_host
#     port: harbor_db_port
#     db_name: harbor_db_name
#     username: harbor_db_username
#     password: harbor_db_password
#     ssl_mode: disable
#     max_idle_conns: 2
#     max_open_conns: 0
#   notary_signer:
#     host: notary_signer_db_host
#     port: notary_signer_db_port
#     db_name: notary_signer_db_name
#     username: notary_signer_db_username
#     password: notary_signer_db_password
#     ssl_mode: disable
#   notary_server:
#     host: notary_server_db_host
#     port: notary_server_db_port
#     db_name: notary_server_db_name
#     username: notary_server_db_username
#     password: notary_server_db_password
#     ssl_mode: disable

# Uncomment external_redis if using external Redis server
# external_redis:
#   # support redis, redis+sentinel
#   # host for redis: <host_redis>:<port_redis>
#   # host for redis+sentinel:
#   #  <host_sentinel1>:<port_sentinel1>,<host_sentinel2>:<port_sentinel2>,<host_sentinel3>:<port_sentinel3>
#   host: redis:6379
#   password:
#   # sentinel_master_set must be set to support redis+sentinel
#   #sentinel_master_set:
#   # db_index 0 is for core, it's unchangeable
#   registry_db_index: 1
#   jobservice_db_index: 2
#   chartmuseum_db_index: 3
#   trivy_db_index: 5
#   idle_timeout_seconds: 30

# Uncomment uaa for trusting the certificate of uaa instance that is hosted via self-signed cert.
# uaa:
#   ca_file: /path/to/ca

# Global proxy
# Config http proxy for components, e.g. http://my.proxy.com:3128
# Components doesn't need to connect to each others via http proxy.
# Remove component from components array if want disable proxy
# for it. If you want use proxy for replication, MUST enable proxy
# for core and jobservice, and set http_proxy and https_proxy.
# Add domain to the no_proxy field, when you want disable proxy
# for some special registry.
proxy:
  http_proxy:
  https_proxy:
  no_proxy:
  components:
    - core
    - jobservice
    - trivy

# metric:
#   enabled: false
#   port: 9090
#   path: /metrics

# Trace related config
# only can enable one trace provider(jaeger or otel) at the same time,
# and when using jaeger as provider, can only enable it with agent mode or collector mode.
# if using jaeger collector mode, uncomment endpoint and uncomment username, password if needed
# if using jaeger agetn mode uncomment agent_host and agent_port
# trace:
#   enabled: true
#   # set sample_rate to 1 if you wanna sampling 100% of trace data; set 0.5 if you wanna sampling 50% of trace data, and so forth
#   sample_rate: 1
#   # # namespace used to differenciate different harbor services
#   # namespace:
#   # # attributes is a key value dict contains user defined attributes used to initialize trace provider
#   # attributes:
#   #   application: harbor
#   # # jaeger should be 1.26 or newer.
#   # jaeger:
#   #   endpoint: http://hostname:14268/api/traces
#   #   username:
#   #   password:
#   #   agent_host: hostname
#   #   # export trace data by jaeger.thrift in compact mode
#   #   agent_port: 6831
#   # otel:
#   #   endpoint: hostname:4318
#   #   url_path: /v1/traces
#   #   compression: false
#   #   insecure: true
#   #   timeout: 10s

安装文章源自十年又十年-https://www.bbigsun.com/487.html

cd /opt/harbor/
# 每次修改配置后都先执行此命令
./prepare
# 执行安装脚本
./install.sh
# 先停止并删除
docker-compose down -v
# 重新启动
docker-compose up -d

设置 harbor 开机自启动文章源自十年又十年-https://www.bbigsun.com/487.html

-- 添加自启服务
vim /lib/systemd/system/harbor.service

-- 添加如下信息
[Unit]
Description=Harbor
After=docker.service systemd-networkd.service systemd-resolved.service
Requires=docker.service
Documentation=http://github.com/vmware/harbor
[Service]
Type=simple
Restart=on-failure
RestartSec=5
ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/docker-compose -f /opt/harbor/docker-compose.yml up
ExecStop=/usr/local/bin/docker-compose -f /opt/harbor/docker-compose.yml down
[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

-- 保存设置
systemctl enable harbor

登录harbor ,推送镜像文章源自十年又十年-https://www.bbigsun.com/487.html

# 登录harbor
[root@dcjkst01 harbor]# docker login 10.16.1.70:8081
Username: robot$harbor_admin_for_jenkins
Password:
WARNING! Your password will be stored unencrypted in /root/.docker/config.json.
Configure a credential helper to remove this warning. See
https://docs.docker.com/engine/reference/commandline/login/#credentials-store

Login Succeeded

# 服务器会将密码保存在
[root@dcjkst01 harbor]# cat /root/.docker/config.json 
{
        "auths": {
                "10.16.1.70:8081": {
                        "auth": "cm9ib3QkaGFyYm9yX2FkbWluX2Zvcl9qZW5raW5zOlQ3NGNTSERzUDFrZENCZnVRV2NReE00S2Y2NmNyWVFC"
                }
        }
}[root@dcjkst01 harbor]#

# 下载一个 nginx 镜像:
docker pull nginx
# 对这个镜像进行标记:
docker tag nginx 10.16.1.70:8081/library/nginx:v1.0.0
# 推送这个镜像
docker push 10.16.1.70:8081/library/nginx:v1.0.0

登录地址:http://10.16.1.70:8081/文章源自十年又十年-https://www.bbigsun.com/487.html

Harbor 的默认管理员账号:admin/Harbor12345文章源自十年又十年-https://www.bbigsun.com/487.html

Harbor 的默认 user 账号: harbor_user/Harbor12345文章源自十年又十年-https://www.bbigsun.com/487.html

添加 Harbor 自动化管理员账号:harbor_admin_for_jenkins / PtpZJ8hRSs2H文章源自十年又十年-https://www.bbigsun.com/487.html

添加 Harbor 自动化机器人账号(机器人账号仅支持HTTPS):文章源自十年又十年-https://www.bbigsun.com/487.html

robot$harbor_admin_for_jenkins
# 令牌只能保存一次,不要丢失了,丢失重新生成并配置 Jenkins
6rFtzvCNwkyU3tQ73v96PtpZJ8hRSs2H

Harbor 默认使用 https 传输,为了使用 http,配置 docker文章源自十年又十年-https://www.bbigsun.com/487.html

vim /etc/docker/daemon.json
# 加入以下内容
{
  "registry-mirrors": ["https://3mv8js3g.mirror.aliyuncs.com"],
  "insecure-registries": ["10.16.1.70:8081"]
}

配置完,重启docker systemctl restart docker

由于重启了 docker 也需要重启一下 harbor

推包过程

# 这里是用户账号,机器人账号不允许http登录
docker login 10.16.1.70:8081 -u harbor_admin_for_jenkins -p PtpZJ8hRSs2H
docker tag 10.16.1.70:8081/library/nginx:${version}
docker push 10.16.1.70:8081/library/nginx:${version}
docker logout 10.16.1.70:8081

纸上得来终觉浅,绝知此事要躬行。

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BBigSun
  • 本文由 BBigSun 发表于 2023年 6月 3日 08:23:15
  • 转载请务必保留本文链接:https://www.bbigsun.com/487.html
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